Find KCSE Agriculture Paper 2 2010 Below

SECTION A (30 marks)

Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.

1. Name the causal agent of anaplasmosis disease in cattle.     (½ mark)

2. List four materials that can be used in constructing a Kenya Top Bar Hive.      (2 marks)

3(a) . Name two breeds of dairy cattle that originated from the Channel Islands.     (1 mark)

3(b) Give the distinguishing colour far each of the following breeds of livestock:

     (i) chinchilla rabbit;            (1x½ = ½mark)

 

     (i) toggenburg goat           (1x½ = ½mark)

4. State four reasons for castration in pig production.  (4x½ = 2 marks)

5. State four characteristics of roughage livestock feeds.      (2 marks)

6. State two functions of the crop in poultry digestive system. (1 mark)

7. State four roles of worker bees in a colony. (2 marks)

8. Give four reasons for controlling livestock diseases. (2 marks)

9. State two control measures for fowl pox disease in poultry. (1 mark)

10. State one function for each of the following:

     (a) shovel;         (1 mark)

 

     (b) strip cup       (1 mark)

11.  Give three reasons for carrying out maintenance practices on a mower.    (1½ marks)

12.  Give three limitations of using solar power on the farm.      (1½ marks)

13.  Why is it important to have a thermostat on a cooling system of a tractor engine?      (1 mark)

14.  Give two advantages of using a disc plough over a mouldboard plough in primary cultivation.      (1 mark)

15.  Name four tools that are used when laying concrete blocks during construction of a wall.        (2 marks)

16.  Why is it necessary to have guard rails in a farrowing pen?    (1 mark)

17.  Give two reasons for having a footbath in a cattle dip.      (1 mark)

18. Distinguish between the following practices as used in livestock production:

     (a) crutching and ringing in sheep management;  (2 marks)

     (b) cropping and harvesting in fish farming.  (2 marks)

19.  Give three ways in which infectious diseases can spread from one livestock to another within a farm.  (1½ marks)

 

SECTION B (20 marks)

Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.

20. The following illustrations show the behaviour of chicks in a brooder. Study them carefully and answer the questions that follow.

booder20

20(a) Explain the cause of behaviour observed in chicks for each of the illustrations labeled A, B and C.   (3 marks)

    (b) Give a reason for making the brooder wall round in shape.   (1 mark)

21. The diagram below shows the reproductive system of a cow. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Cow Reproductive System

(a) Name the parts labelled F and H..           (2 marks)

(b) Give two functions of the part labelled G.   (2 marks)

(c) Give the role of the part labelled J.           (1 mark)

22.  Below are diagrams of internal - parasites. - Study them carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Beef Tape Worm

(a) Identify the parasites labelled K and L.     (1 mark)

(b) Name the developmental stage of the parasite labelled K in cattle muscles.    (½ mark)

 

(c) Outline the procedure of handling a heifer when administering a liquid deworming drug to control the parasites Illustrated above.    (2½ marks)

23. Below is a diagram of a farm structure for storing grains. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Granary

23(a) Identify the farm structure illustrated above.         (½ mark)

(b) State the function of-the part labelled M.            (½ mark)

(c) State two maintenance practices that should be carried out on the farm structure illustrated above in readiness for grain storage.      (1 mark)

24 Below is a diagram of a knapsack sprayer. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Knapsack Sprayer

24.(a) Name the parts labelled N, P, Q and R.  (2 marks)

     (b) State one function of the part labelled S.    (2 marks)

25. The diagram below illustrates the general shape of a cattle breed and answer the questions that follow.

General Shape of Breed Cow

(a) Identify the type of breed illustrated by the above shape.     (½  marks)

(b) Give an example of a breed in (a) above.  (½ marks)

 (c) State four physical characteristics of the type of breed identified in (a) above.   (2 marks)

 

SECTION C (40 marks)

Answer any two questions from this section in the spaces provided after question

26(a) Outline five advantages of artificial insemination in cattle management.   (5 marks)

    (b) Describe ten signs of trypanosorniasis (Nagana) disease in livestock.  (10 marks)

    (c) Explain five functions of water in nutrition.      (5 marks)

27(a) State the function of any six parts of a-zero grazing unit in dairy farming.     (6 marks)

27(b)(i) Explain how the power transmitted from a tractor engine is made available for use on the farm under the following: propeller shaft;  (2 marks)

(ii) Explain how the power transmitted from a tractor engine is made available for use on the farm under the following: power take off (P.T.0) shaft;  (2 marks)

(iii) Explain how the power transmitted from a tractor engine is made available for use on the farm under the following: hydraulic system.  (2 marks)

 (c) Explain eight ways in which ticks can be controlled on a livestock farm.     (8 marks)

28(a) Describe ten physical characteristics a poultry farmer would use to identify poor layers from a flock of hens.    (10 marks)

      (b) (i) Outline three characteristics of clean milk.    (3 marks)

            (ii) Explain seven factors that affect milk composition in dairy farming.  (7 marks)