The major education reports that have had a significant impact on education and training
in Kenya include
1. Kenya Education Commission report-1964
which sought to reform the education system inherited from the colonial government and to make it more responsive to the needs of independent Kenya.
2. The Mackay Report, 1981
The Report of the Presidential Working Party on the Second University in Kenya, led to the expansion of other postsecondary training institutions. In addition to the establishment of second University, it also recommended the establishment of the 8:4:4 system which removed the advanced (A) level of secondary education.
3. The Kamunge Report, 1988
The Report of the Presidential Working Party on Education and Manpower Training for
the next decade and beyond focused on improving education financing, quality and relevance. The report had a major departure on financing of education and training in Kenya as it recommended a policy of cost sharing between government, parents and communities.
4. The Koech Report, 2000
It identified ways and means of enabling the education system to facilitate national unity, mutual social responsibility, accelerated industrial and technological development, life-long learning, and adaptation in response to changing circumstances. Although the report was not adopted due to cost implications, some recommendations such as curriculum rationalization have been implemented.
5. The Transformation of Higher Education and Training in Kenya report (2006) and the National Strategy for University Education (2007),
The two reports provided a road map on university education in Kenya.
6. The Sessional Paper No. 1, 2005
The Sessional Paper No. 1, 2005 on education, training and research led to reforms
through a Sector Wide Approach to Planning (SWAP). Though the emphasis was on access,
equity, quality, relevance and the strengthening of governance and management, the expected
returns of investment in education in terms of productive and skilled manpower has not been realized to the full. In addition the Constitution of Kenya (2010) has placed demands that have implications on education and training. This has necessitated the development of this policy through an elaborate consultative stakeholder process.